The age of exploration began in the 15th century and lasted for about 200 years. It is the period of time, connected with the effort of the Europeans (mainly the Spaniards and the Portuguese) to explore new lands in Western Hemisphere. During this historical period a lot of new territories were discovered, as well as a great advancement was achieved in shipbuilding technology, navigation, cartography, and so on.

The main motifs driving the Europeans to discover new lands included the desire to spread European domination and religion around new territories and demonstrate the power of Europe. Some were driven by the idea to establish new opportunities for commerce. Also, many were simply overfilled with the desire to find new lands and remain in the world’s history. Finally, a lot of explorers were looking for gold, treasures, richness and wealthy life.

One of the most known and key breakthroughs of that time was the discovery of American lands by Christopher Columbus, a Spanish navigator, who intended to travel to India on his ship Santa Maria and reached the islands of Central America. He made several successful attempts to cross the Atlantic Ocean and became the first European to discover the Caribbean, the Bahamas, Cuba, Haiti, Trinidad and various parts of American continent.
Nevertheless, not every important discovery during the age of exploration had positive effects in historical framework. In particular, a Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes discovered Mexican lands, where the Aztec and Inca Empires built a developed civilization.  As a result, the Spaniards ruined the Empire, expropriated all its treasures and enslaved its population. Therefore, one of the most advanced cultures of those times was laid to waste.